Studio Operations 3D

SCULPTURE:

-Woodshop

Room Function/Limits

  • No tool use may be performed unless a shopkeeper is on duty.
  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The woodshop is limited to use by current sculpture students, current topics or senior studies students who have taken the foundation sculpture class, and painting students who have been given the stretcher demo.
  • No metal work, wax work, or painting may take place in the woodshop. No flames allowed in the woodshop. No solvent vapors allowed in the woodshop. Priority is given to sculpture classes, so tools and space must not be monopolized during class times.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • Chemicals used in the woodshop are limited to those listed in the Approved Chemicals List.
  • Most chemical use is limited to the finishing studio. However, many glues are used in the woodshop. Refer to labels or see the MSDS for details regarding safe use, storage, and limitations.

Specific Operations

  • Dust collection: Dust-creating activities should be done in a spot that makes best use of the dust collectors. Wood and wood composite dusts are what the system is intended to collect. NO metal shavings or metal grinding dust should be sucked into the dust collector. A fire could result. Also, no nails, staples, large scraps, or other large objects should be allowed to go into the dust collection system. A tear in the filter may result. The dust collector is not meant to run continuously, but to be turned on and off as needed. Please remember to shut it off if not in use to save on heating costs/fuel.  The blue sanding table is a self-contained system (switch is on the right side) and is not connected to the general dust collector.  It is intended for sanding rather than power carving, and sanding should take place on the slotted area.  The sanding table is not to be used as a general work surface.
  • Power tool use: NO student, staff or faculty should attempt to use a power tool about which they have not been taught safe operation and with which they do not feel confident. Power tool use is only allowed while a shopkeeper is on duty. The table saw is locked and only to be unlocked for those who have had a one-on-one demonstration with faculty or technician. The same is true for the chain saws.

-Metal Shop and Foundry

Room Function/Limits

  • No tool use may be performed unless a shopkeeper is on duty.
  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The metal shop and foundry are limited to use by current sculpture students enrolled in the direct metal or metal casting class, or current topics or senior studies students who have taken the direct metal or metal casting class.
  • No woodworking is allowed in the metals shops.
  • No spraying of paints or sealants in the metal shop. (this should be done in the finishing studio spray booth, see below)
  • No power tool use (including welding) may be done unless a Shopkeeper is on duty.
  • Steel, wax, patinas, gas, abrasives, and other miscellaneous supplies are paid for by sculpture student lab fees. Use is limited to current sculpture students. Bronze is paid for by individuals based on the weights used. Weights should be calculated after the cup has been cut and returned to inventory, but before any chasing is done.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • Chemicals used in the metal shop and foundry are limited to those listed in the Approved Chemicals List.
  • Patina use must be done at the patina sink, with proper ventilation and according to proper safety protocol.
  • All chemicals labeled as flammable must be stored in the flammable cabinet located in the sculpture finishing studio, or the flammable cabinet located on the loading dock. Corrosives, such as patinas, must be stored in the corrosives cabinet in the foundry.
  • Disposal method of chemicals varies. See the MSDS, and confer with the Technical Supervisor.

Specific Operations

Oxy/Acet Manifold System
Wax Burners
Portable Kiln (sculpture) 
Autoclave Operation
Gamsol
Patina Basics
Sandblaster

-Tool Room

Room Function/Limits

  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The sculpture tool room and its contents are for use by current sculpture students. A few exceptions include (but only after meeting safety qualifications) topics students, senior studies students, painting students for the building of stretchers, and studio art faculty. A shopkeeper must be on duty to check out tools. If in a sculpture class currently, no ID is required for checkout. All other students must leave an ID. Tools are not to leave the building, and there is no overnight checkout unless approved by the Technical Supervisor.
  • Expendable supplies in the tool room are paid for by current sculpture student lab fees. Students outside of sculpture classes must pay an applicable fee for any expendables consumed.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • No flammables, corrosives, or acids are stored in the tool room.
  • No chemical use should take place in the tool room.

-Finishing Studio

Room Function/Limits

  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The finishing studio is meant for dust-free operations related to the sculpture classes, like painting, staining, sealing, etc. Sanding and cutting operations are not allowed. Please keep the doors to the finishing studio closed to keep out dust from the woodshop.
  • The materials in the finishing studio have been paid for by sculpture student lab fees. Use is limited to current sculpture students.
  • Flammable items must be stored in the cabinet marked ‘flammables’. The doors to this cabinet MUST remain closed.
  • The spray booth may be used for spray paints and other solvent-based sprays, as well as water-based sprays. The switch is located near the sink. Leave the fan running until your fumes have dissipated, then shut off. Filters are the Paint Pocket brand. They last a really long time – do not assume the filter is full based on visual appearance of the front side. The filter needs changing when it becomes totally loaded on the reverse side – see the Technical Supervisor.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • Chemicals used in the finishing studio are limited to those listed in the Approved Chemicals List.
  • Gamsol: An odorless mineral spirit, Gamsol, is the only solvent used in the sculpture finishing studio. It should be used for all brush cleaning in which soap and water does not do the job, and it should be re-used. Do not put it down the drain! See below for solvent-based products use, re-use, and clean-up.
  • All rags used with wood coatings that are oil based should be placed in the red metal drum that is covered.

Specific Operations

  • Latex Paint use and clean-up: The goal is to keep the paint out of the water system (rivers and ground water), as well as not to be wasteful with the paint itself. Minimize excess liquid paint by making efficient use of the product: pour only what you will use, and use what you pour. Pour unused paint back, if unmixed. If mixed, see if someone else can use it, or paint something on the North Stairwell ongoing sketchbook project. Dry up small quantities that cannot be used. Do not wash down the drain! Wipe excess paint from brushes onto a waste paper (a page from a phone book works well) before washing them with soap and water. The waste paper can be thrown in the garbage. This minimizes what goes down the drain and into the river. When paint cans are empty, let smallest amount of paint remain, let it dry, then peel away. Put metal cans in the metal recycle bucket in steel shop.
  • Solvent based products use, re-use, and clean-up: The goal is to keep solvents and product out of the water system (rivers and groundwater), as well as maintain a safe and healthy work area. Minimize excess liquid paint or sealer by making efficient use of the product: pour only what you will use, and use what you pour. Keep lids of jars and containers clean so a good seal is created, extending the life of the product. To clean your brush, first remove excess product with waste paper (phone book pages work well), throw that away, and then pour a small amount (about 2 oz.) of Gamsol (from the jar marked Clean Gamsol) into a small container. Do figure-eights in the bottom edge of the tilted container until the solvent becomes cloudy. Pour that, using the funnel provided, into the settling jar. Pour a bit more Gamsol into your container, and repeat until the brush is clean. Replace the Gamsol, the settling jar, and the funnel into the flammable cabinet. Keep the doors to the flammable cabinet closed at all times. Do not pour solvent down the drain or into the trash.
  • Spray paint use: Spray paint cans must be stored in the flammable cabinet. Spraying must take place in the spray booth with the vent ON. The switch is located to the left of the sink. Press the ON button; do not pull the lever. The vent should be turned off once the vapors have dissipated. When finished spraying, turn can upside-down and spray until tube is clear. This allows the can to be reused, and not clog. When a spray can is empty, place in the container labeled for such, located in the spray booth. It will be properly recycled.

 

CERAMICS:

-Handbuilding and Wheel Studios

Room Function/Limits

  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The handbuilding and wheel studios are limited to use by current ceramic students and current topics or senior studies students who have taken a previous ceramic course at St. Olaf.
  • No work other than clay work is allowed in the handbuilding and wheel areas. All glaze mixing and clay mixing must be done in the mixing room. All glaze application must be done in the glazing area.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • Chemicals used in the handbuilding and wheel studio are limited to those listed in the Approved Chemicals List.
  • The following cannot be used in the handbuilding and wheel studios:
    • powdered chemicals
    • spray paints and aerosol cans
    • oil-based paints and solvents
  • Use only mixed clay and slips, as well as brush-on water-based paints in the handbuilding and wheel studios. All mixing of dry product must be done in the mixing room.
  • Damp cleanup only, NO SWEEPING.

Specific Operations

  • The main safety concern in the handbuilding and wheel studios is the control of dust. Letting clay dry on work surfaces and floors is a sure way to produce a dusty studio. NO SWEEPING IS ALLOWED. Instead, damp cleanup is required. Surfaces, including table tops, counter tops, wheels, bats, wedging tables, etc. must be wiped down often during work sessions as well as after each work session. Wiping should be done with a damp sponge or cloth, and then rinsed in the sink. Working on canvas should be avoided unless necessary, and should be rinsed with water once finished to avoid making dust.
  • Ventilation to the studio must be running while work is taking place. These hours are posted. If the studio is silent, the airflow is off – see the Professor or Technician for information regarding the use of the timed over-ride button, which turns on the airflow.
  • Wear shoe covers to protect shoes and keep the clay from leaving the area.
  • If your project is large or messy, wear cover-alls or a large shirt to protect your clothing. Launder these often, and separate from other clothing items. Remove and bag them before leaving the studio to keep the dust contained.

-Glazing Area

Room Function/Limits

  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The glazing area is available only to students currently enrolled in a ceramics class, or to current topics or senior studies students who are familiar with glazing operations.
  • No clay mixing or powdered glaze mixing is allowed in the glazing area. (These must be done in the mixing room).

Chemical Use Procedures

  • Chemicals used in the glazing area are limited to those listed in the Approved Chemicals List.
  • All glazes used in the St. Olaf ceramics dept. are lead free.
  • All glazes should be handled properly – close attention should be paid to good housekeeping practices. Clean spills immediately with a damp cloth or sponge which is then rinsed thoroughly. NO SWEEPING ALLOWED.
  • All containers should be properly labeled with name of the substance, all required hazard warnings, and the name and address of the manufacturer.
  • Do not block the eye wash.

Specific Operations

  • When stirring glazes with electric drill, unplug drill before taking to the sink to rinse beater. Replace the drill to its proper storage location (not in the sink).
  • Wear chemical splash-resistant goggles when stirring glazes.
  • Keep glaze buckets pushed under counter if large, or on shelving above counter if small. Keep counters and floors free of spills and dust.
  • The spray booth is available for glazes only – it is not for any solvent-based processes. The ventilation to the booth is always on as long as the airflow in the studio is on, so there is no need to turn on/off.
  • No wax melting will take place in the ceramic studio. Water based waxes are available as a glaze resist.

Mixing Room

Room Function/Limits

  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • The room may only be occupied if the airflow is ON. See posted schedule for this information.
  • The mixing room is limited to those students currently enrolled in a ceramics class or topics or senior studies students who have already taken a ceramics class at St. Olaf and are familiar with the process they intend to perform in the mixing room.
  • No fume or heat-producing processes are allowed in the mixing room.
  • Chemicals used in the mixing room are limited to those already listed in the chemical inventory for that room.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • Chemicals used in the mixing room are limited to those listed in the Approved Chemicals List.
  • All containers must be properly labeled with name of the substance, all required hazard warnings, and the name and address of the manufacturer.
  • Handle dusts properly: No sweeping! Damp cleanup only.
  • Use the snorkle to collect airborne dust when opening bags, pouring into bins, or scooping from bins.
  • Clean any small spills with a damp towel or sponge that is then either disposed of or rinsed thoroughly. Report any large spills to your Professor or the Technician to begin proper clean-up procedure.
  • When mixing clay, use ventilation and snorkle. USE ONLY BAGS LABELED Continental Clay RAKU. When finished, clean floor and mixer thoroughly using the hose and floor drain.
  • DO NOT block eye wash
  • DO NOT prop door open
  • Keep floor space as clear as possible so the floors can be cleaned on a regular basis in order to keep dust down.

-Kiln Room

Room Function/Limits

  • All information regarding studio use policy and safe practices must be followed.
  • Only students currently enrolled in a ceramic class, topics, or senior studies is allowed to have work fired at St. Olaf.
  • The kiln room is for firing claywork in gas and electric kilns – no other processes are allowed.
  • Only students who have been thoroughly trained by a staff member may fire kilns at St. Olaf.
  • No electric kilns may be fired above cone 7.
  • Kiln logs and the blackboard system must be strictly followed.

Chemical Use Procedures

  • No chemicals are to be used in the kiln room other than kiln wash.

Specific Operations

GAS KILNS: In order to fire a gas kiln, you must be trained each semester by a staff member on the proper procedure. You and your firing partner must be responsible for the entire firing. Anyone firing a gas kiln should complete the kiln log, and use the blackboard to communicate your name and an immediate phone number where you can be reached. When firing, stay near the studio as much as possible, otherwise stay on campus and near the phone number posted on the board. You will be the first to be called in case of any concerns during the firing. Carefully follow instructions for gas kiln operation or raku kiln operation.

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