Keyboard Help and Diacritics (Mac)


Language Bar

The following instructions for using diacritics in Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, and Russianassume that the input language option is already installed on your computer. To install any of these input sources, do the following:

  • Click the Screen Shot 2014-05-14 at 3.07.57 PM icon >> System Preferences…
  • In the second row of options, click Keyboard
  • Click Input Sources tab
  • Click the Screen Shot 2014-05-14 at 4.36.24 PM button to open the list of languages
  • Select the language(s) you want to install and click “Add”
    • For Arabic, select “Arabic”
    • For Chinese, select “Pinyin – Simplified” (or “ITABC”)
    • For Japanese, select the hiragana, katakana, and romaji options
    • For Korean, select “Hangul” or “2-Set Korean”
    • For Russian, select “Russian – Phonetic”

To change the input language, click  icon in the upper right-hand corner of the navigation bar and select the language needed.


Arabic

  • Change the  icon to Arabic
  • You’ll need to open the application: Text Edit (NOT MICROSOFT WORD)
  • On Text Edit Pull-down menu >Preferences>Select Rich Text
  • Click on format>Text>Writing Directions>Click on right to left for both Paragraphs and Selection
  • Click on Format>Text>Align Right and use for following keyboard guides to type.
  • Normal keyboard interface:Arabic Keyboard
  • Shifted keyboard interface:Shifted Arabic keyboard

Chinese

  • Change the  icon to Chinese ITABC
  • Type the desired word phonetically in pinyin
  • Press the space bar >> Use the right arrow key to select the desired character >> press enter
  • Example: If you type “zhong” and select the first character option, “中” will appear in place of the entered pinyin

French

à, è, ì, ò, ù – Option and `(above the tab button), then a vowel
á, é, í, ó, ú – Option and the letter e, then a vowel
â, ê, î, ô, û – Option and the letter i, then a vowel
ä, ë, ï, ö, ü – Option and the letter u, then a vowel
ç – Option and the letter c


German

ä, ë, ï, ö, ü – Option and the letter u, then a vowel
ß – Option and the letter s


Japanese

  • Change the  icon to the desired Japanese input form (hiragana, katakana, or romaji)
  • Type the desired word phonetically
  • In order to enter kanji, type the word phonetically in hiragana input mode and press the space bar >> Use the right arrow key to select the desired character >> pressenter
  • Example: If you type “nihongo” without pressing the space bar, “にほんご” appears; if you press the space bar, the kanji characters “日本語” appear

Things to keep in mind when inputting in Japanese

  • If you wish to enter the small つ, as in いって, type the first letter of the character directly following the つ twice. As in this example, after typing い, simply input t-t-e to make って.
  • Small や, ゆ, and よ are easy to enter, and can usually be done phonetically. じゃ, for example is simply ‘ja’; しょ is ‘sho’; にゅ, ‘nyu’.
  • The character を is inputted as ‘wo’.

Norwegian

å – Option and the letter a
ø – Option and the letter o
æ – Option and ‘ (apostrophe)


Russian

  • Change the  icon to Russian phonetic input mode
  • Type the desired word phonetically using the following keyboard guide:


Spanish

á, é, í, ó, ú – Option and the letter e, then a vowel
ñ – Option and the letter n, then n again
¿ – Optionshift and ?
¡ – Option and 1