Use of any illicit drug, such as heroin or methamphetamine, is abuse. There is no threshold of allowability, and consequences may be severe.
Taking prescription drugs, such as Concerta or Xanax, without a proper prescription is also considered abuse. Use of a prescribed drug taken in a manner other than how it was prescribed counts as abuse. For example, people who crush up and snort or inject their prescribed OxyContin are abusing the drug. This kind of abuse can subject the user to potential health risks, legal punishment and college or university-sanctioned consequences.
Defining Alcohol Abuse
Because alcohol is a legal and socially acceptable substance, defining alcohol abuse is a little different than defining abuse for other drugs. Put simply, if alcohol is coming between a college student and their capacity to meet academic, professional or social obligations, it is abuse.
“[Alcohol abuse] is a pattern of drinking that results in harm to one’s health, interpersonal relationships, or ability to work.” – Centers for Disease Control
When Abuse Turns into Addiction
Continued abuse of some drugs, including benzodiazepines and painkillers, invariably leads to an addiction. There are 11 criteria for diagnosing a substance use disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Some of these include:
Wanting to quit but being unable to
Prioritizing drug use over responsibilities
Continuing to use drugs despite known consequences
Developing a tolerance
Not wanting to quit for fear of withdrawal symptoms
Drinking and drug abuse among college students can be downplayed or dismissed as part of the college experience. However, it is during this critical phase of a young person’s life that he or she may become dependent on these substances rather than grow out of use. If you think someone you know is addicted to drugs or alcohol, get in touch with one of our treatment specialists.
Growing Up and Out of Alcohol Abuse
The most prevalent drug among college students has always been alcohol. Research suggests that 4 out of 5 students drink, and as many as 2 out of 5 binge drink. Despite these high numbers, many of these students graduate and stop drinking as much. Drugs such as marijuana and Adderall often lose their appeal once a student moves on and gets a job, starts a family and feels the responsibilities of adulthood set in. Changes in schedules, locations, relationship status, health and age can all limit how much someone is willing to drink or use drugs.
Although some people grow out of excessive drinking patterns, hundreds if not thousands of college students establish dangerous habits that continue long after graduation. Alcoholism affects millions of people nationwide. Looking the other way when a student has a serious problem, or writing it off as simply “part of the college experience,” can have dire consequences.