In addition to the Safety Data Sheet, use the following links to help you determine if, how, and why a particular chemical is hazardous:
PubChem Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries (LCSS)
- How to access a LCSS:
- Open PubChem.
- In the search bar begin typing in the name of your chemical; choose from the chemical options that will appear.
- On the Search Results page find your chemical. Click on the “Summary” link for that chemical.
- Within the Summary page, click on the “Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries (LCSS)” link.
- A current list of chemicals with a LCSS.
- Watch this PubChem Webinar for further information on LCSSs.
- About PubChem and LCSS.
- The Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries (LCSS) contain pertinent chemical hazard and safety information (including GHS information) for thousands chemicals in the PubChem Open Chemistry Database.
- LCSS is based on the format described by the National Research Council in the publication “Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards” (2011). It is available when a GHS Classification (Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals) is present for a given PubChem Compound record. The GHS classification codes and hazard pictograms are summarized in the PubChem GHS page.
- The PubChem database, hosted by the US National Library of Medicine, includes a wide variety of data on over 90 million chemical compounds. PubChem’s goal is to make this data accessible to chemists, chemical safety professionals, chemical educators and others working with laboratory chemicals. PubChem consists of three primary databases:
- The Substance database (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pcsubstance) stores chemical substance descriptions submitted by individual data contributors.
- The Compound database (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pccompound) contains unique chemical structures extracted from the Substance database.
- The BioAssay database (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pcassay) archives descriptions and results of biological assay experiments.
- Records are cross-mapped between the three databases.
OSHA and Minnesota Lists of Hazardous Chemicals
Minnesota OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits
An employee’s exposure to any substance listed in Table Z-1-A shall not exceed the Time Weighted Average, Short Term Exposure Limit, and Ceiling Limit for that substance.
TOXNET (TOXicology Data NETwork)
- TOXNET (TOXicology Data NETwork) is a group of databases covering chemicals and drugs, diseases and the environment, environmental health, occupational safety and health, poisoning, risk assessment and regulations, and toxicology. Maintained by The National Institutes of Health, U.S. National Library of Health.
- Partial List of Incompatible Chemicals (Reactive Hazards)
- EPA Chemical Compatibility Chart
- NOAA’s Chemical Reactivity Worksheet (CRW) and CAMEO Chemicals are free software programs that you can use to find out about the chemical reactivity of thousands of common hazardous chemicals (Reactivity is the tendency of substances to undergo chemical change, which can result in hazards—such as heat generation or toxic gas byproducts.).
- Both programs predict possible hazards from mixing chemicals and were initially designed to be used by emergency responders and planners, as well as the chemical industry, to help prevent dangerous chemical incidents.
- Rapid Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. This is an extremely useful alphabetical listing of over 8,500 compounds that describes those chemical combinations that are believed to be dangerously reactive. Hard copies are located in the Biology & Chemistry stockrooms (RNS 253 and 341), and in the Chemical Hygiene Office (RNS 312).
Rapid Guide to Hazardous Chemicals in the Workplace
- This Pocket Guide is similar to the NIOSH guide in providing the relevant hazard information (PELs, TLVs, chemical & physical properties, health hazards, and a safety profile). It does not provide personal protection information.
- Hard copies are located in the Biology & Chemistry stockrooms (RNS 253 and 341), and in the Chemical Hygiene Office (RNS 312.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Hazardous Chemicals
- This very useful guide includes chemical name, structure, formula, and CAS number; exposure limits; Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) concentrations; personal protection recommendations; physical description of the substance; chemical and physical properties; incompatibilities; first aid; and health hazards.
- The Pocket Guide can be viewed online or downloaded at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npg.html.
- Hard copies are located in the Biology & Chemistry stockrooms, and in the Chemical Hygiene Office.
The Dirty Dozen
- Organic azides. Explosion hazards, especially with ground glass joints
- Perchlorate salts of organic, organometallic, & inorganic complexes. Explosion hazards
- Diethyl ether. Fires (see also Organic Peroxidesj below)
- Lithium aluminum hydride. Fires on quenching
- Sodium, potassium. Fires on quenching
- Potassium metal. Fires on quenching
- Sodium-benzophenone ketyl still pots. Fires on quenching
- Palladium on carbon. Fires on removal from the inert atmosphere, especially
if wet with organic solvent or when contactingcombustible materials such as filter paper
- Heat. Exothermic reactions causing violent spills on scale-up due to inadequate provision for heat removal
- Ethers with alpha-hydrogen atom. Dangerous peroxide concentration during distillation; explosion hazards, especially with ground glass joints
- Carbon monoxide. Toxicity and role in forming nickel tetracarbonyl from steel gas lines and autoclaves
- Organic peroxides. Sensitivity to shock, sparks, and other forms of accidental detonation; sensitivity to heat, friction, impact, and light, as well as to strong oxidizing and reducing agents
- Develop your own lab-specific “Dirty Dozen.” Inappropriate mixing or handling of certain compounds can also produce hazardous toxic gases. Individual laboratories are encouraged to prepare their own list of additional “Dirty Dozen” substances as part of their laboratory-specific Standard Operating Procedures.